This historic district is located along Bedford Road in the unincorporated hamlet of the city of Armonk in the state of New York, in the United States. Its 4.5 acres (1.8 ha) are home to nine contributing properties, all of which are wood frame structures dating from the mid-19th century and featuring variations and mixes of the Federal and Greek Revival architectural styles, as well as other architectural styles. The group was designated as a historic district in 1985 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places the following year.
To begin with, the buildings were constructed in the mid-19th century when members of St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church, which is the oldest structure in the district, subdivided and sold a large parcel of land the church was located on to their rector in order to provide the church with a stable financial foundation. The congregation was the first to use the name Armonk for the area when it sold the property for home construction, and the properties have been referred to as the hamlet’s first residential subdivision since that time.
As far as architectural preservation is concerned, the residences and church represent an extremely small number of surviving examples of classically inspired styles in that region of Westchester County. Some of them are now being used as professional offices. The region also includes the church’s cemetery, which contains the graves of many of the residents of the homes and other early residents of North Castle.
Since its inception, the district has seen a number of transformations. In the 1880s, it was expanded to include a second, smaller dwelling. An additional building that served as a girls’ school was demolished along with one of the church’s parsonages, which made up part of the church’s historical legacy.
Bedford Road was transformed from a significant through route to a dead end street as a result of highway construction and relocations following IBM’s 1964 decision to locate its corporate headquarters in Armonk. It was necessary to build a street through Armonk Square in order to meet parking requirements for a mixed-use shopping center and apartment complex being developed north of the district in the early twenty-first century, which caused considerable consternation among residents when it was completed in the early twenty-first century.